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Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome, 121-180; Clay, Diskin

Written in Greek without any intention of publication, this book offers spiritual reflections & exercises developed by the author, as the leader who struggled to understand himself & make sense of the universe. It covers topics such as: the question of virtue, human rationality, the nature of the gods, & Aurelius's own emotions

Paperback, Book. English.
Published London: Penguin, 2006
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Statement of responsibility: Marcus Aurelius ; editor, Diskin Clay
ISBN: 0140449337, 9780140449334
Intended audience: Specialized.
Note: Includes index.
Language note: Translated from the Latin.
Physical Description: xlvi, 254 p. ; 20 cm.
Subject: Life.; Ethics.; Stoics.

Author note

Marcus Aelius Aurelius Antoninus, 121-180. was adopted by the emperor Antoninus Pius and succeeded him in 161, (as joint emperor with adoptive brother Lucius Verus). He ruled alone from 169. He spent much of his reign in putting down variou rebellions, and was a persecutor of Christians. His fame rest, above all, on his Meditations, a series of reflections, strongly influenced by Epictetus, which represent a Stoic outlook on life. He died in 180 and was succeed by his natural son, thus ending the period of the adoptive emperors.

Diskin Clay is Professor of Classical Studies at Duke University and has published widely in the area of Ancient Greek Philosophy.

Martin Hammond is Head Master of Tonbridge School and has translated Homer's Iliad for Penguin Classics.


Martin Hammond's translation of Marcus Aurelius'Meditations, like hisIliadandOdyssey, is the work of an unusually gifted translator, and one who understands the value added by careful attention to supplementary material. He writes natural English, direct and often eloquent; the text is well supported by effective notes and a characteristically thorough and well-planned index; Diskin Clay supplies a useful introduction. This is a fine volume
Greece & Rome Journal||Marcus is well served by this new translation. Hammond has a pithy turn of phrase to match the emperor's own . . . His notes abound in helpful explanation and illuminating cross-reference. Diskin Clay contributes a sparkling and sympathetic introduction. The combination of introduction, translation and notes is as good as they get
Journal of Classics Teaching