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Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military. Volume 4, Investigations of Potential Bias in Estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

Sexual Assault and Sexual Harassment in the U.S. Military. Volume 4, Investigations of Potential Bias in Estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study

Morral, Andrew R., editor

"In early 2014, the Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office asked the RAND National Defense Research Institute to conduct an independent assessment of the rates of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and gender discrimination in the military -- an assessment last conducted in 2012 by the Department of Defense using the Workplace and Gender Relations Survey of Active Duty Members. The resulting RAND Military Workplace Study invited close to 560,000 U.S. service members to participate in a survey fielded in August and September of 2014. This volume presents the results of methodological investigations into sources of potential bias in the survey estimates for active- and reserve-component service members. It includes evaluations of follow-up studies of survey nonrespondents and the efficacy of sampling weights to correct nonresponse bias, an assessment of total survey error using an administrative records benchmark, estimates of potential under- and overcounting of service members exposed to sexual assault, comparisons of events identified by prior survey forms and the RAND forms, analysis of survey non-consent and breakoff, and evaluation of service member tolerance of the RAND forms. In the final chapter, the report draws conclusions and recommendations for future administrations of sexual assault and harassment surveys in the military"-- Publisher's description

eBook, Electronic resource, Book. English. Electronic books.
Published Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND 2016

This resource is available electronically from the following locations


Statement of responsibility: Edited by Andrew R. Morral, Kristie L. Gore, Terry L. Schell ; Contributors: Amy Grace Donohue, Marc N. Elliott, Caroline Epley, Coreen Farris, Bonnie Ghosh-Dastidar, Lisa H. Jaycox, Dean Kilpatrick
ISBN: 0833092790, 0833092820, 9780833092793, 9780833092823
Note: "March 16, 2016"--Table of contents page.
Note: Includes bibliographical references (pages 237-240)
Note: Online resource; title from PDF title page (RAND, viewed March 22, 2016).
Physical Description: 1 online resource (xxvii, 240 pages) : color illustration.
Series: Research report ; RR-870/6-OSD
Subject: Social surveys United States.; TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Military Science; SOCIAL SCIENCE / Sexual Abuse & Harassment; Women soldiers Crimes against United States.; United States Armed Forces Women Crimes against.; Sex discrimination United States.; Sexual harassment in the military United States.; Soldiers Crimes against United States.; HISTORY / Military / Other; Rape in the military United States.
Alternative Title: Investigations of Potential Bias in Estimates from the 2014 RAND Military Workplace Study
Series Title: Research report (Rand Corporation) ; RR-870/6-OSD.
Local note: JSTOR Books at JSTOR Open Access


  1. Preface
  2. Figures and Tables
  3. Summary
  4. Acknowledgments
  5. Chapter One: Introduction: About the 2014 Survey
  6. Organization of the Report
  7. Statistical Analysis and Reporting Conventions Used in This Report
  8. Chapter Two: Follow-Up Studies of Survey Nonrespondents: Study Procedures
  9. Analysis of Nonresponse Bias
  10. Results
  11. Discussion and Conclusions
  12. Chapter Three: The Efficacy of Sampling Weights for Correcting Nonresponse Bias: Participant Characteristics Associated with Survey Nonresponse
  13. Association of Participant Characteristics with Survey Outcomes
  14. Characteristics That Could Lead to Nonresponse Bias
  15. The Development and Performance of RMWS Weights
  16. Conclusion
  17. Chapter Four: Investigation of Total Survey Error Using Official Records of Reported Sexual Assaults
  18. Chapter Five: Performance of the Sexual Assault Survey Module: Intentionality
  19. Offender Behavior/Lack of Consent
  20. Confirming Past-Year Time Frame
  21. Conclusions
  22. Chapter Six: Undercounting and Overcounting of Service Members Exposed to Sexual Assault: Inclusion of Preservice Sexual Assaults
  23. Exclusion of Assaults Against Members With Fewer Than Six Months of Service
  24. Exclusion of Members Who Recently Left the Service
  25. Inclusion or Exclusion of Alcohol Blackouts and Fear Responses That Immobilize
  26. Inclusion of Nonpenile Oral Penetration in the Penetration Counts
  27. Possible Exclusion of Civilian Sexual Assaults Among Reserve Component Members
  28. Conclusions
  29. Chapter Seven: Performance of the Sexual Harassment and Gender Discrimination Module: Sexual Harassment and Gender Discrimination Screening Items
  30. Classification of Sexual Harassment of the Sexually Hostile Work Environment Type
  31. Classification of Sexual Harassment of the Quid Pro Quo Type
  32. Classification of Gender Discrimination
  33. Error in Categorizing Hostile Workplace Experiences
  34. Conclusion
  35. Chapter Eight: Comparison of Events Identified by the Prior Form and RAND Forms: Some Past-Year Unwanted Sexual Contacts Counted with the Prior Form Occurred More Than a Year Ago
  36. The Prior Form Identifies Fewer Penetrative Sexual Assaults Than the RAND Form
  37. Unwanted Sexual Contacts on the Prior Form May Include Events That Are Not UCMJ Crimes
  38. Differences Between the WGRA and RAND Sexual Harassment Definitions
  39. Conclusions
  40. Chapter Nine: Analysis of Survey Nonconsent and Breakoff: Survey Nonconsent Rate
  41. Survey Breakoff Rates
  42. Effect of Survey Breakoff on Sample Characteristics
  43. Conclusions
  44. Chapter Ten: Service Member Tolerance of the RAND Form: Complaint Rates
  45. Harm to Victims
  46. Benefits of the New RAND Survey Using Explicit Questions to Measure Sexual Assault
  47. Conclusions
  48. Chapter Eleven: Conclusions and Recommendations for Future Administration
  49. s of the WGRA: Measurement Approach
  50. Sample Frame
  51. Sampling Plan
  52. Sample Weighting
  53. Improving Response Rates
  54. Further Study of Nonresponse Bias and Survey Error
  55. Frequency of WGRA Administration
  56. Appendixes: A. Phone Survey Script
  57. B. Mail Survey (Male and Female Respondent Versions)
  58. C. Supplementary Tables for Chapter Three
  59. D. Supplementary Tables for Chapter Seven
  60. Abbreviations
  61. References.