Skip to Content
Manchester Metropolitan University Library
Overseas basing of U.S. military forces: an assessment of relative costs and strategic benefits

Overseas basing of U.S. military forces: an assessment of relative costs and strategic benefits

Lostumbo, Michael, author

Section 347 of the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act called on the Department of Defense to commission an independent assessment of the overseas basing presence of U.S. military forces. As the recipient of that commission, RAND's National Defense Research Institute conducted an independent assessment of the advisability of changes in the overseas basing presence of U.S. forces based on an evaluation of strategic benefits, risks, and costs. The report characterizes how overseas presence contributes to assurance of allies, deterrence, contingency responsiveness, and security cooperation, along with the risks involved with investing in facilities overseas. It breaks new ground in the understanding of the costs associated with overseas presence, including how permanent and rotational presence costs compare, and provides cost models for policymakers to weigh alternative posture options. To support this understanding of costs the report also lays out the conditions of U.S. installations and levels of host nation support. The report concludes that there are certain minimum requirements necessary to carry out the current national security strategy, but it is prudent, based upon the net value produced, to maintain an overseas posture that goes beyond these minimums. Additionally, it combines benefit, cost, and risk considerations to distill a number of strategic judgments that have implications for the advisability of considering identified posture changes

eBook, Paperback, Electronic resource, Book. English. Electronic books.
Published Santa Monica, CA : RAND 2013

This resource is available electronically from the following locations


Statement of responsibility: Michael J. Lostumbo, Michael J. McNerney, Eric Peltz, Derek Eaton, David R. Frelinger, Victoria A. Greenfield, John Halliday, Patrick Mills, Bruce R. Nardulli, Stacie L. Pettyjohn, Jerry M. Sollinger, Stephen M. Worman
ISBN: 0833079158, 0833079174, 9780833079145, 9780833079152, 9780833079176
Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Note: Online resource; title from digital title page (viewed July 10, 2014).
Physical Description: 1 online resource
Subject: Armed Forces Foreign service.; Military readiness.; TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING Military Science.; United States Defenses.; Military bases, American Costs.; HISTORY Military Other.; United States.; BUSINESS & ECONOMICS Infrastructure.; United States Military policy.; Military policy.; United States Armed Forces Foreign service.
Local note: JSTOR Books at JSTOR Open Access


  1. Introduction
  2. Strategic Considerations: Benefits of Overseas Posture to Contingency Response
  3. Strategic Considerations: Benefits of Overseas Posture for Deterrence and Assurance
  4. Strategic Considerations: Benefits of Overseas Posture for Security Cooperation
  5. Risks to Investing in Facilities Overseas
  6. Installation Conditions
  7. Host-Nation Support and U.S. Payments to Other Countries
  8. Relative Costs of Overseas Basing and Rotational Presence
  9. Illustrative Postures
  10. Analysis of Illustrative Postures
  11. Conclusions
  12. Appendix A: Cost Analysis Appendix
  13. Appendix B: Detailed Cost Analysis Results
  14. Appendix C: Security Cooperation Cost Differential Between Forward-Based and U.S.-Based Forces
  15. Appendix D: U.S. Military Overseas Prepositioned Equipment
  16. Appendix E: Deployment Analysis Scenario APOD and APOE Details
  17. Appendix F: USFJ-Related Costs Borne by Japan
  18. Appendix G: Analysis of Missile Threat to Bases for the Postures
  19. Appendix H: Detailed Estimates of Host Nation Contributions from Japan, South Korea, and Germany
  20. Appendix I: Summary Tables of Illustrative Postures.