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The thought remolding campaign of the Chinese Communist Party State

The thought remolding campaign of the Chinese Communist Party State

Hu, Ping, 1947-

This authoritative work on the Chinese Communist party's practices of reeducation and indoctrination, supersedes all previous works by bringing into account recent events. Hu Ping has provided a rich and rigorous study based not only in historical research and numerous compelling case studies of Chinese intellectuals, but also in a first person account of his own experience of Maoist thought "remolding." The Thought Remolding Campaign of the Chinese Communist Party-State is an important history not only of the reeducation programs, but of the interrogation processes of the Party, and the strat

eBook, Electronic resource, Book. English. Electronic books.
Published Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press 2012

This resource is available electronically from the following locations


ISBN: 9048515912, 9789048515912, 9789089644107
Note: Print version record.
Note: Includes bibliographical references and index.
Physical Description: 1 online resource (308 pages).
Series: AUP - ICAS Publications ; v. 7
Subject: Political oppression and persecution.; Political structure and processes.; Intellectual freedom China.; Society and culture: general.; Brainwashing.; Marxism and Communism.; Political control and freedoms.; Postwar 20th century history, from c 1945 to c 2000.; Asia.; China.; Politics and government; Brainwashing China.; East Asia, Far East.; History.; Communist self-criticism.; Humanities.; Society and social sciences Society and social sciences.; Intellectual freedom.; Political structures: totalitarianism and dictatorship.; China Politics and government 1949-; POLITICAL SCIENCE Public Policy General.; History: earliest times to present day.; Politics and government.; Political ideologies.; 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000.
Series Title: AUP - ICAS Publications.


  1. The 1949 Revolution Was Not the Victory of a Political Idea
  2. On "Following a Doctrine without Understanding it"
  3. Is it True that They Were "Completely Convinced"?
  4. Intangible Pressure
  5. From "Killing a Chicken to Frighten the Monkeys" to "Killing a Monkey to Frighten the Other Monkeys"
  6. A Monistic System of Value Standards: Concepts and Structure
  7. Why Was Remolding Aimed at the Intelligentsia?
  8. The Bifurcated Essence of Thought Remolding
  9. The Coercion of Truth
  10. The Utility of Truth
  11. The Class Nature of Truth and the Problem of Standpoint
  12. Beware of "Begging the Question"
  13. The Ambiguity of Facts
  14. The Ambiguity of Values
  15. Conformity
  16. Consistency
  17. The Belief that the World is Just
  18. Pursuing Meaning in Life
  19. 3.

    1. How Has Thought Remolding Been Implemented?
    2. "With Machine Guns Pinning You Down on Three Sides, You're Allowed to Head off in Only One Direction."
    3. Mobilizing Others to Receive Instruction
    4. "First Impressions are the Strongest" and "Once You Form a Habit, Following it Comes Naturally"
    5. The Power of Oversimplification
    6. "Giving an Injection of a Preventive Inoculation"
    7. The Hierarchical System of "Study" [xuexi]
    8. An Affective Style of Propaganda
    9. The Controlling Function of Collective Rituals
    10. Criticism and Self-Criticism
    11. From Prohibition to Renunciation
    12. The Transition from Compelled Conduct to Voluntary Conduct
    13. The Strategy of Violating Dignity
    14. The Chastity of Those Who Have Lost Their Chastity
    15. The Psychology of a Shortage of Rewards
    16. Thought Remolding and the Chinese Cultural Tradition
    17. Getting Enmeshed in a Cocoon of One's Own Weaving
    18. Some "Doctor" Indeed
    19. Various Methods of Punishment
    20. A Remarkable Effect of the "Downward Transfer to the Countryside for Manual Labor."
    21. The First Strategy of Criticism: A Ferocious Clap (1)
    22. A Ferocious Clap (2)
    23. The Second Strategy of Criticism: Isolation within the Crowd (1)
    24. Isolation within the Crowd (2)
    25. Spiritual Homelessness, Isolation and the Lack of Support
    26. From Confusion to Submission
    27. The Emotional Need to Identify with One's Oppressors
    28. Self-conscious Sacrifice
    29. The Trap of Toughening and Putting to the Test
    30. The Language Demon
    31. Why Must Self-criticism Be Carried out in Public?
    32. The Destruction of Self-discipline
    33. The Destruction of External Discipline
    34. Utilizing the Sense of Shame to Shatter the Sense of Shame
    35. A Myth about Laborers
    36. A Reflection -- or an Image "in Reverse"?
    37. Filial Devotion and Loyalty to the Rulers
    38. Begin in Obedience and End in Obedience
    39. Getting "Well-Remolded" Amounts to Getting Intimidated
    40. Remolding is Nothing Other than Taming.
    41. In Evading Freedom, One Evades Responsibility
  20. 4.

    1. On Evasion
    2. Evasion by Foot-dragging
    3. The Rejected and the Weary
    4. Idealists Who Went Astray
    5. Rebellion among Evaders
    6. Between Taming and Rebellion
    7. The Legitimization of Evasion
    8. Evasion as Being Tamed
    9. Evading the Persecuted
    10. Indifference and Forgetfulness
    11. The Rationalization of Evasion
  21. 5.

    1. On Rebellion
    2. What is Rebellion?
    3. The Meaning of Writing a Letter to Chairman Mao
    4. Format is More Important Than Content
    5. Regarding Subconscious Rebellion
    6. Opposing Thought Remolding and Opposing Totalitarian Rule
    7. Earthquakes from within the System
    8. The Bankruptcy of Phony Politics
    9. The Rebellion of Liberalism
    10. The Current Condition of Liberalism
    11. Gaining the Privilege of Rebellion
  22. 6.

    1. The Bane of Cynicism
    2. Authoritarianism and Cynics
    3. The Communist Party and Cynicism.
    4. What Does "the Transition from a Revolutionary Party to a Ruling Party" Mean?
    5. Why is It "No to Reform and Wait for Death; Yes to Reform and Court Death"?
    6. Cynicism and Fear -- and the Notion that You Are "Better-Off Muddleheaded"
    7. The Idea of Liberal Democracy -- Only with Faith in it is it Efficacious
    8. Hip Cynicism
    9. Doctrinal Cynicism
    10. The Political Game of Pretending to Obey
    11. The Cynic's Self-deception and Deceiving of Others
  23. 7.

    1. Struggling for the Freedom of Thought
    2. Quandaries of Existence
    3. An Analysis of Some Peculiar Phenomena
    4. Why Are There Still People Who Want to Join the Party?
    5. Why Some Dissidents Are Willing to Remain in the Party.
    6. Why Some Persons Severely Persecuted by the CCP Would Continue to Express Their Loyalty to the CCP
    7. Why Do Party Members Rarely Withdraw from the Party, and Why Do Officials Rarely Resign?
    8. Why Would Many Persons Still Remain Within the System Even When Various Exits are Available?
    9. Why Do Quite a Few People Always Place Their Hopes in the CCP?
    10. Rational Choice Theory
    11. Normative Theory
    12. The Power of Example
    13. Structuralist Theory
    14. Coercion and Incentives for By-Products
    15. The Impact of Societal Scale on Collective Action
    16. The Necessity and Limitations of Drawing on Official Mass Communication Outlets
    17. A Struggle for Recognition
    18. Desire, Reason and Spiritedness
    19. Knowledge and Behavior
    20. The Special Features of Late Communist Totalitarian Rule
    21. Dauntlessly Moving Forward in a Measured Stride.