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Japanese and Chinese immigrant activists: organizing in American and international Communist movements, 1919-1933

Japanese and Chinese immigrant activists: organizing in American and international Communist movements, 1919-1933

Fowler, Josephine

Japanese and Chinese immigrants in the United States have traditionally been characterized as hard workers who are hesitant to involve themselves in labor disputes or radical activism. How then does one explain the labor and Communist organizations in the Asian immigrant communities that existed from coast to coast between 1919 and 1933? Their organizers and members have been, until now, largely absent from the history of the American Communist movement. In Japanese and Chinese Immigrant Activists, Josephine Fowler brings us the first in-depth account of Japanese and Chinese immigrant radicalism inside the United States and across the Pacific. Drawing on multilingual correspondence between left-wing and party members and other primary sources, such as records from branches of the Japanese Workers Association and the Chinese Nationalist Party, Fowler shows how pressures from the Comintern for various sub-groups of the party to unite as an "American" working class were met with resistance. The book also challenges longstanding stereotypes about the relationships among the Communist Party in the United States, the Comintern, and the Soviet Party

eBook, Electronic resource, Book. English. Electronic books. History.
Published New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press 2007

This resource is available electronically from the following locations


Statement of responsibility: Josephine Fowler
ISBN: 0813543541, 1281092606, 9780813540405, 9780813543543, 9781281092601
Note: Includes bibliographical references (pages 207-262) and index.
Physical Description: 1 online resource (xiv, 272 pages) : illustrations, map
System: Master and use copy. Digital master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials, Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002.
Subject: Communist Party of the United States of America.; Internationale (3.) Ostasien.; United States.; Immigrants Political activity United States.; Ostasien; Japanischer Einwanderer; Kommunistische Partei Internationale (3.) USA.; Japanese Americans Politics and government.; USA.; Internationale (3.) Kommunistische Partei USA.; Communist Party of the United States of America History.; Einwanderung Internationale (3.) USA.; Chinese Americans Politics and government.; Politisches Handeln; Komintern.; Chinesen USA Geschichte 20. Jh.; Chinesischer Einwanderer; Japaner USA Geschichte 20. Jh.; Immigrants Political activity.; HISTORY General.; Japanese Americans.; Internationale (3.) Einwanderung USA.
Alternative Title: Japanese & Chinese immigrant activists
Restrictions: Use copy Restrictions unspecified
Reproduction: Electronic reproduction. [S.l.]: HathiTrust Digital Library, 2010.
Local note: JSTOR Books at JSTOR Open Access


  1. Origins and beginnings
  2. Historical background
  3. Study groups, the Oriental Branch, and "hands-off China" demonstrations
  4. From the top down
  5. "The red capital of the great bolshevik republic"
  6. Advancing bolshevism from Moscow outward and back and forth across the Pacific
  7. From the bottom up
  8. From East to West and West to East
  9. Left-wing Chinese immigrant activists
  10. Chinese workers in America
  11. Formation of the Oriental Branch of the ILD.