This case is based on a research and publication project conducted by Elisabeth Baier, Christian Rammer, and Torben Schubert. Our research was motivated by two observations: first, an increasing number of companies have started to (re)locate knowledge-based activities abroad, including R&D and innovation. Second, there is no consensus in the literature of international business management of whether offshoring has an increasing or decreasing impact on the complexity of organizational processes. It was our objective to contribute to the understanding of innovation offshoring and its impacts on organizational adaptability in a theoretical as well as in an empirical way. In addition, we aimed for the generation of insights for managerial practice. Against this background, we developed a theoretical framework based on complexity theory and derived a set of hypotheses which needed testing. To do so we proceeded in two subsequent steps, following a mixed-methods approach. The main empirical identification strategy relied on regression techniques applicable for the analysis of panel data, and we generated the core results by this approach. The results were enriched by insights from innovation offshoring in practice, which were generated using a case study research design. Based on the experiences from this project, this methods case describes methodological and practical challenges in the field of international innovation management using a mixed-methods approach
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