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Prophylaxis in bariatric surgery

Prophylaxis in bariatric surgery

Ruiz-Tovar, Jaime, editor

eBook, Electronic resource, Book. English. Electronic books.
Published New York : Nova Biomedical 2018
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Details

Statement of responsibility: Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, editor
ISBN: 1536134368, 9781536134360
Note: Vendor-supplied metadata.
Note: Includes bibliographical references and index.
Physical Description: 1 online resource : illustrations.
Series: Surgery--procedures, complications, and results
Subject: Obesity Surgery.; MEDICAL / Surgery / General.
Series Title: Surgery--procedures, complications, and results series.
Local note: eBooks on EBSCOhost EBSCO eBook Clinical Collection

Contents

  1. Intro
  2. Contents
  3. Preface
  4. Chapter 1
  5. Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Bariatric Surgery
  6. Abstract
  7. Introduction
  8. Bariatric Surgery
  9. Microbiology
  10. Antibiotics
  11. Dosages
  12. Other Routes of Administration
  13. References
  14. Chapter 2
  15. Thromboembolic Prophylaxis
  16. Abstract
  17. Introduction
  18. Morbid Obesity as Risk Factor
  19. Laparoscopic Bariatric Surgery
  20. Clinical Manifestations and Diagnosis
  21. Antithromboembolic Prophylaxis (Primary Prophylaxis)
  22. Screening for Asymptomatic Venous Thromboembolism (Secondary Prophylaxis)
  23. References
  24. Chapter 3
  25. Antiemetic Prophylaxis
  26. Abstract
  27. Introduction
  28. A. Patients at Risk for Ponv
  29. Risk ScoreB. Reduce Baseline Risks
  30. C. Antiemetic Drugs
  31. a) 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonists
  32. Timing of Administration
  33. Adverse Effects
  34. b) NK-1 Receptor Antagonists
  35. c) Corticosteroids
  36. Adverse Effects
  37. d) Butyrophenones
  38. Adverse Effects
  39. e) Antihistamines
  40. f) Anticholinergics
  41. g) Other Antiemetics
  42. Phenothiazines
  43. Metoclopramide
  44. Propofol
  45. D. Antiemetic Prophylaxis Algorithm
  46. Patient-Controlled Analgesia
  47. Nonpharmacologic Prophylaxis
  48. Other Methods and Alternative Therapies
  49. E. PONV Treatment
  50. Key Points
  51. References
  52. Chapter 4
  53. Nutritional Prophylaxis: Weight Loss for the Reduction of Surgical RiskAbstract
  54. Introduction
  55. Surgical Risk in Morbid Obese Patients
  56. 1. Respiratory Comorbidities
  57. Anesthetic Implications
  58. 2. Cardiovascular Comorbidities
  59. Anesthetic Implications
  60. 3. Diabetes Mellitus
  61. 4. Thromboembolic Disease
  62. Surgical Implications
  63. Weight Loss Reduces Surgical Risks
  64. Preoperative Nutritional Management
  65. Preoperative Diet
  66. 1. Early Phase
  67. 2. Immediate Preoperative Period
  68. References
  69. Chapter 5
  70. Prophylaxis of Postoperative Cholelithiasis
  71. Abstract
  72. Introduction
  73. Surgical Technique and Cholelithiasis
  74. Prophylactic Concomitant CholecystectomyLRYGB
  75. LSG
  76. Prophylactic Ursodeoxycholic Acid Therapy
  77. References
  78. Chapter 6
  79. Prophylactic Measures to Reduce Staple Line Leaks and Bleeding
  80. Abstract
  81. Introduction
  82. Pathogenesis
  83. Prophylactic Measures
  84. 1. Bougie Size
  85. 2. Distance from the Pylorus
  86. 3. Stapling
  87. 4. Reinforcement of the Staple Line
  88. 5. Check for Intraoperative Bleeding
  89. 6. Blood Pressure and NSAIDs
  90. 7. Intraoperative Leak Testing
  91. 8. Revisional Surgery
  92. Conclusion
  93. References
  94. Chapter 7
  95. Postoperative Ileus Prophylaxis: Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS)
  96. Abstract
  97. Introduction
  98. Bowel PhysiologyBowel Innervation
  99. Nervous and Hormonal Signs
  100. Fasting Peristalsis
  101. Postoperative Ileus
  102. Postoperative Ileum Physiopathology
  103. Inflammation
  104. Inhibitor Nerve Reflexes
  105. Neurohormonal Peptides
  106. Opioids
  107. Diagnosis of Ileus
  108. Gastroparesis
  109. Small-Bowel Ileus
  110. Colonic Ileus
  111. Risk Factors
  112. Prolonged Abdominal or Pelvic Surgery
  113. Open Surgery
  114. Late Feeding
  115. Intraabdominal Inflammation
  116. Postoperative Complications
  117. Intra or Postoperative Bleeding
  118. Use of Opioids or Other Medications
  119. Diabetes
  120. BMI
  121. Enhanced Recovery Protocols: Measures to Prevent Postoperative Ileus