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Evaluation of Speciation Technology: Workshop Proceedings Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, Japan 26-28 October 1999

Evaluation of Speciation Technology: Workshop Proceedings Tokai-mura, Ibaraki, Japan 26-28 October 1999

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; NEA

It has been widely recognised among researchers that speciation data are essential for proper and reliable modelling of radionuclide behaviour, which is studied inter alia in the context of radioactive waste management. Participants at the OECD/NEA workshop on "Evaluation of Speciation Technology" reviewed the various techniques used to identify different species of actinide and fission product elements present in nuclear waste and nuclear reprocessing streams. The review takes into account the advantages, disadvantages and limitations of the various methods in relation to their field of application. Recommendations for future R&D are also provided. These proceedings will primarily be of interest to chemists specialised in separation techniques and radioactive waste management experts

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Published Paris: OECD Publishing, 2001

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Statement of responsibility: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and NEA
ISBN: 9264192786, 9789264192782
Physical Description: 1 online resource
Other Number: 10.1787/9789264192782-en
Series: Nuclear Science,
Subject: Nuclear Energy; Japan
Series Title: Nuclear Science,


  1. Foreword
  2. Executive Summary
  3. Opening Session: Speciation Imperatives for Waste Management and Environmental Pollution by R. G. Wymer
  4. Session A. Methods for Trace Concentration Speciation (<10 -6 M)
  5. Radiochemical Procedures for Speciation of Actinides in the Environment: Methodology and Data Obtained in Contaminated Regions of Russia by Radionuclides by B. F. Myasoedov and A. P. Novikov
  6. Nanoscopic Speciation of Aquatic Actinide Ions by Laser Spectroscopy by J. I. Kim
  7. Session B. Methods for Macro Concentration Speciation (>10 -6 M)
  8. Speciation from Photon to Ion Detection by C. Moulin
  9. Determination of the Hydration Number of Actinides (III) and Lanthanides (III) by Luminescence Lifetime Measurement and its Application to the Speciation Study by T. Kimura, Y. Kato, H. Takeishi, Y. Takahashki, Y. Minai, and G. R. Choppin
  10. Session C. Methods for Empirical Formula and Molecular Structure Determination
  11. X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscopy for Radionuclide Speciation Studies by M. A. Denecke, J. Rothe, C. Pohlmann, H. Geckeis, D. Degering, and J. Janssen
  12. Magnetic Resonance Techniques in Speciation of Actinides and Fission Products by J. F. Desreux, B. Lambert, and V. Jacques
  13. An Overivew of Actinide Redox Speciation Methods, Other than Chemical Separation Techniques: Their Applicability, Advantages, and Limitations by D. Rai, and N. J. Hess
  14. Chemical Separation Methods for Redox Speciation of Actinides by A. Saito
  15. Session E. Predictive Approach to Speciation
  16. Estimation of Thermodynamic Data in Assessing the Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste by D. Read
  17. Chemical Analogy in the Case of Hydroysis Species of F-Elements by H. Moriyama, H. Yamana, K. Fujiwara, and A. Kitamura
  18. Poster Session
  19. Part A. Methods for Trace Concentration Speciation (<10 -6 M)
  20. Use of Capillary Electrophoresis for Speciation Purposes Involving f-elements; Application to the Systems Nd3+/HnPO4(3-n)- and UO2 2+/IO3 by M. Illemassene, S. Hubert, and P. Tarapcik
  21. Develoment Programme of Analytical Techniques for Ultra Trace Amounts of Nuclear Materials in Environmental Samples for Safeguards - From a Viewpoint of Speciation Technology by Y. Hanzawa, M. Magara, F. Esaka, K. Watanabe, S. Usuda, Y. Miyamoto, K. Gunji, K. Yasuda, H. Nichimura, and T. Adachi
  22. Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionisation Time-of-flight Mass Spectrometry as a Tool for Speciation Analysis? by J. Havel, D. Gajdosava, and J. Soto-Guerrero
  23. Association of Actinides with Dissolved Organic Materials in Organic-Rich Groundwaters by S. Nagao, Y. Sakamoto, T. Tanaka, and H. Ogawa
  24. Speciation of "Hot Particle" by Fission Product Element Identification by I. Dryapachenko and B. Rudenko
  25. Application of X-Ray and Low Energy Gamma Ray Spectroscopy to Determination of Actinide Concentration in Reprocessing Solution by T. Asakura, G. Uchiyama, M Sawada, H. Hagiya, S. Fujine, and PlJ.A. Howarth
  26. Cloud Point Extraction and Speciation of Iron (III) of 10 -7 - 10 -7 M Level Using 8-guinolinol Derivatives and Triton X-100 by K. Ohashi, K. Ougiyanagi, S. Y. Choi, H. Ito, and H.Imura
  27. Speciation of Environmental Radionuclides in the Chrenobyl 30 km Zone by H. Amano, Y. Hanzawa, M. Watanabe, T. Matsunaga, T. Ueno, S. Nagao, N. Yanase, and Y. Onuma
  28. Part B. Methods for Macro Concentration Speciation (>10 -6 M)
  29. Cm(III) Speciation in Brines by Time Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy by P. Paviet-Hartmann, Th Fanghanel, R. Klenze, Th. Konnecke, J. I. Kim, W. Hauser, H.Weger, I. K Park, K. H. Chung
  30. Speciation Analysis on Eu(III) in Aquuous Solution Using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy by H> Hotokezaka, S. Tanaka, and S. Nagasaki
  31. Actinyl (VI) Speciation in Concentrated Sodium Chliride Solutions by W. Runde, M. P. Neu, C. Van Pelt, S. Reilly, and Y. Xu
  32. Characterisation of Oxide Films Formed on Steel Surface in BWR Environment by Y. Kameo
  33. Actinide Sequestering Agents: Design, Structural and Biological Evaluations by J. Xu, P. W. durbin, and K. N. Raymond
  34. Transuranium Compounds Characterisation Facility at ITU-Karlsruhe by F. Wastin, E. Colineau, T. Gouder, J. Rebizant, and G.H.Lander
  35. Speciation of Pu(IV) Complexes with Weak Ligands from Visible Spectra by J. M.Berg, and D. K. Veirs
  36. Laser-Induced Luminescence Lifetime Measurement as an Analytical Probe for Speciation of Polycarboxylates in Aqueous Solutions by Y. Takahashi, T. Kimura, Y. Kato, and Y. Minai
  37. Part C. Methods for Empirical Formula and Molecular Structure Determination
  38. Direct Spectroscopic Speciation of Actinide Ions at the Water/Mineral Interface by R. Klenze
  39. Oxidation State and Structure of Actinides in Environmental Samples Using Synchrotron-Based Techniques by D. T. Read, A. J. Kropf, S. B. Aase, S.Zygmunt, and L. Curtiss
  40. Coordination Properties of Diglycolamide (DGA) to Trivalent Curium and Lanthanides Studied by XAS, XRD, and XPS Methods by T. Yaita, M. HIrata, H. Narita, S. Tachimori, H. Yamamoto, N. M. Edelstein, J. J. Bucher, D. K. Shuh, and L. Rao
  41. Speciation of Uranium in Minerals by SEM, TEM, u-PIXE, XPS, and XAFS by T. Ohnuki, H. Isobe, T. Kamila, T. Sakai, and T. Murakami
  42. Part D. Methods for Redox Speciation
  43. Electroanalytical Data on Uranium, Neptunium and Plutonium Ions in Acidic Aqueous Solutions by S. Kihara, K. Maeda, Y. Yoshida, H. Aoyagi, Y. Kitatsuji, and O. Shirai
  44. Polarographic Validation of Chemical Speciation in Models by J. R. Duffield, J. A. Jarratt
  45. Separation and Determination of Uranium (IV, VI) by High-Performance Extraction Chromatography with 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone and Citric Acid by H. Imura, M. Michiguchi, K. Nakano, K. Ohashi, H. Aoyagi, and Z. Yoshida
  46. Voltametric Speciation of U(VI) in the Aqueous Solution of pH 2-6 under CO2 GAs/Agueous Solution/UO2CO3 Sold Phases Equilibrium by Z. Yoshida, t. Kimura, Y. Kato, Y. Kitatsuji, H. Aoyagi, Y. Meguro, and S. Kihara
  47. Ion-Selective Electrod Method for the Speciation of Actinide Ions by Y. Kitatsjui, H. Aoyagi, Z. Yoshida, and S. Kihara
  48. Redox Speciation of Np in TBP Extraction Process Based on Electrochemical Oxidation State Control of Np by K-W Kim,, K-C song, E-H Lee, I-K Choi and J-H Yoo
  49. Part E. Predictive Approach to Speciation
  50. Contribution to Lanthanide and Actinide Speciation: Thermodynamic Studies of Hydroxycarbonate Species by F. Rorif, J. Fuger, and J. F. Desreux
  51. Data Processing for the Determination of Stability Constants by O. Tochiyama
  52. Chemometric and Computer-Intensive Techniques for Speciation by G. Meinrath, T. Kimura, Y. Kato, Z. Yoshida, and S. Lis
  53. PUREX Process Modelling - Do We Really Need Speciation Data? by R. J. Taylor and I. May
  54. Subgroup Reports
  55. Trace Concentration Speciation
  56. Methods for Macro Concentration Speciation
  57. Methods for Empirical Formula, Molecular Structure Determination, and Colloid Characterisation
  58. An Overview of Actinide Redox Speciation Methods: Their Applicability, Advantages, and Limitations
  59. Predictive Approach to Speciation
  60. Recommendation
  61. Closing Remarks
  62. Annex 1. List of Participants
  63. Annex 2. Workshop Organisation