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Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications

Few-cycle laser pulse generation and its applications

Kärtner, Franz X

This book covers the physics, technology and applications of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with durations of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques which have emerged over the last decade are discussed to give researchers and graduate students a thorough introduction to this field. The existence of these sources has opened many new fields of research that were not possible before. These are UV and EUV generation from table-top systems using high-harmonic generation, frequency metrology enabling optical frequency counting, high-resolution optical coherence tomography, strong-field ultrafast solid-state processes and ultrafast spectroscopy, to mention only a few. Many new applications will follow. The book attempts to give a comprehensive, while not excessive, introduction to this exciting new field that serves both experienced researchers and graduate students entering the field. The first half of the book covers the current physical principles, processes and design guidelines to generate pulses in the optical range comprising only a few cycles of light. Such as the generation of relatively low energy pulses at high repetition rates directly from the laser, parametric generation of medium energy pulses and high-energy pulses at low repetition rates using external compression in hollow fibers. The applications cover the revolution in frequency metrology and high-resolution laser spectroscopy to electric field synthesis in the optical range as well as the emerging field of high-harmonic generation and attosecond science, high-resolution optical imaging and novel ultrafast dynamics in semiconductors. These fields benefit from the strong electric fields accompanying these pulses in solids and gases during events comprising only a few cycles of light

Book. English.
Published Berlin; New York: Springer, c2004

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Details

Statement of responsibility: Franz X. Kärtner (ed.)
ISBN: 3540201157, 9783540201151
Note: Includes bibliographical references and index.
Physical Description: xiv, 448 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Series: Topics in applied physics, v. 95
Subject: Laser pulses, Ultrashort.; Laser beams.
Other formats: Also available via the World Wide Web.

Contents

  1. Part I
  2. Few-Cycle Pulse Generation
  3. Theory and Experiments.- Solid-State Materials for Few-Cycle Pulse Generation and Amplification.- Few-Cycle Pulses Directly from the Laser.- Few-Cycle Pulses by External Compression.- Parametric Amplification and Phase Control of Few-Cycle Light Pulses.- Part II
  4. Characterization of Ultrashort Laser Pulses
  5. Measuring Ultrashort Pulses in the Single-Cycle Regime.- Characterization of Ultrashort Pulses in the Few-Cycle Regime Using Spectral Phase Interferometry for Direct Electric Field Reconstruction.- Part III
  6. Applications
  7. Optical Frequency-Comb Generation and High-Resolution Laser Spectroscopy.- Carrier-Envelope Phase Stabilization of Single and Multiple Femtosecond Lasers.- Sub-Femtosecond XUV-Pulses
  8. Attosecond Metrology and Spectroscopy.- Resonant Non-Perturbative Extreme Nonlinear Optics with Two-Cycle Pulses.- Dynamics of the Photoexcited Hydrated Electron.- Subject Index.

Description

This book covers the physics, technology and applications of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with durations of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques which have emerged over the last decade are discussed to give researchers and graduate students a thorough introduction to this field. The existence of these sources has opened many new fields of research that were not possible before. These are UV and EUV generation from table-top systems using high-harmonic generation, frequency metrology enabling optical frequency counting, high-resolution optical coherence tomography, strong-field ultrafast solid-state processes and ultrafast spectroscopy, to mention only a few. Many new applications will follow. The book attempts to give a comprehensive, while not excessive, introduction to this exciting new field that serves both experienced researchers and graduate students entering the field.

The first half of the book covers the current physical principles, processes and design guidelines to generate pulses in the optical range comprising only a few cycles of light. Such as the generation of relatively low energy pulses at high repetition rates directly from the laser, parametric generation of medium energy pulses and high-energy pulses at low repetition rates using external compression in hollow fibers. The applications cover the revolution in frequency metrology and high-resolution laser spectroscopy to electric field synthesis in the optical range as well as the emerging field of high-harmonic generation and attosecond science, high-resolution optical imaging and novel ultrafast dynamics in semiconductors. These fields benefit from the strong electric fields accompanying these pulses in solids and gases during events comprising only a few cycles of light.

Reviews

From the reviews:

"The book on the generation and application of few-cycle laser pulses is a timely project that is bound to attract much attention of experts in lasers, optics, and spectroscopy . . Comprehensive articles on the most significant and interesting subjects of ultrafast photonics and spectroscopy, an outstanding all-star list of authors, and an excellent work by the editor, enhanced by a superb quality of printing and illustrations, will make this book a precious source of knowledge for anyone interested in femto- and attosecond science." (Aleksei Zheltikov, Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, Vol. 36 (11), 2005)

Back cover copy

This book covers the physics and technology of short pulse laser sources that generate pulses with widths of only a few optical cycles. The basic design considerations for the different systems, such as lasers, parametric amplifiers and external compression techniques, which have emerged over the last decade, are discussed to give researchers and graduate students a thorough introduction to this field. The existence of these sources has opened many new fields of research that were not possible before, such as UV- and X-ray generation from table-top systems using high-harmonic generation, frequency metrology with unprecedented precision, high-resolution optical coherence tomography and strong-field ultrafast solid-state processes, to mention only a few. Many new applications will follow. The book attempts to give a comprehensive, while not excessive, introduction to this exciting, new field that serves both experienced researchers and graduate students entering the field.