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Gangs and spirituality: global perspectives

Gangs and spirituality: global perspectives

Deuchar, Ross

eBook, Electronic resource, Book. English. Electronic books.
Published Cham: Palgrave Macmillan US, 2018

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Statement of responsibility: Ross Deuchar
ISBN: 331978899X, 9783319788982, 9783319788999
Note: Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources.
Physical Description: 1 online resource (275 pages)
Local note: Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan: ProQuest Ebook Central, 2018. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries.


  1. Intro
  2. Foreword
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Contents
  5. List of Figures
  6. List of Tables
  7. Part I Introduction
  8. 1 Gangs in Global Perspective
  9. Understanding Gang Desistance: Focusing on Masculinity and Spirituality
  10. Focus for and Content of the Book, Research Methods and Chapter Summaries
  11. Overview of Part I and Chapter Summaries
  12. Overview of Parts II-IV and Research Methods
  13. Parts II-IV Chapter Summaries
  14. Contribution to the Field
  15. References
  16. Part II Gangs, Masculinity and Spirituality: Existing Theories and Insights
  17. 2 Gang Members 'Doing Masculinity'
  18. Social Constructions of Masculinity, Marginalisation and Violence
  19. Gang Culture, Crime and Masculinity: International Perspectives
  20. The Masculinization of Gang Desistance and Reformatory Interventions
  21. Concluding Discussion
  22. References
  23. 3 Religious and Spiritual Desistance From Gangs
  24. Introduction: Religion, Spirituality and Desistance
  25. Religion, Social Control and Social Capital
  26. Identity Reconstruction, Emotional Transitions and 'Stories of Change'
  27. Masculinity, Gangs and Religion
  28. Spirituality, Cognitive Change, Psychosocial Processes and Desistance
  29. Concluding Discussion
  30. References
  31. Part III Los Angeles, USA: From Gangs and Guns to Love and Compassion
  32. 4 Amplified Masculinity Among Los Angeles Homeboys
  33. Racial Oppression, Multiple Marginality and Gangs in Los Angeles
  34. Insights into the Experiences of Male Latino Gang Members in Los Angeles
  35. Multiple Disadvantage, Marginalisation and Gang Involvement
  36. Guns, Money, Violence and Amplified Masculinity
  37. Prison Gangs, Criminal Credentials and Elevation of Masculine Status
  38. Initial Turning Points, Transitions and Challenges
  39. Concluding Discussion
  40. References
  41. 5 Love, Compassion and Therapeutic Communities in Homeboy Industries
  42. Background to and Focus of Homeboy Industries.
  43. Participant Observation and Follow-up Interviews in Homeboy Industries
  44. Recruitment, Supervision and Mentoring
  45. Community-Building, Compassion and Mutual Transformation
  46. Spirituality, Meditation, Group Therapy and Healing
  47. Dismantling Gang Masculinity and Nurturing Broader Versions of Manhood
  48. Concluding Discussion
  49. References
  50. Part IV Scotland and Denmark: From Violence, Offending and Prison Life to Religiosity, Yoga and Breathing
  51. 6 Masculinity, Morality and Offending in Scotland and Denmark
  52. Scotland and Denmark: A Comparative Perspective
  53. Background to Gang Issues in Scotland and Denmark
  54. Scotland
  55. Denmark
  56. Insights into the Experiences of Gang Members and Offenders: Scotland and Denmark
  57. 'Products' of Their Environments: Early Disadvantage, Social Exclusion and Trauma
  58. 'Like the Premier League': Anger, Morality and Re-asserting Masculinity Through Gangs
  59. Striving Towards a 'Normal Life': Reflections on 'Feared' and 'Possible' Selves
  60. Concluding Discussion
  61. References
  62. 7 Support in Times of Trouble: Chaplaincy in Scottish and Danish Prisons
  63. The Religious, Spiritual and Pastoral Service of Prison Chaplains
  64. Insights into the Impact of Chaplaincy in Scottish and Danish Prisons
  65. Social and Emotional Support and Reducing Pressure from the 'Prison Code'
  66. 'Times of Trouble', Religion, Prayer, Values and Identities
  67. Broadening Perspectives and Community Re-Entry Support
  68. Concluding Discussion
  69. References
  70. 8 'Warriors' to 'Peacemakers': Yoga, Breathing and Meditation in Denmark
  71. 'Sudarshan Kriya Yoga', Its Psychological Impact and Rehabilitative Potential
  72. Breathe Smart and Prison Smart Programmes in Denmark
  73. The Impact of SKY on Danish Gang Members and Offenders
  74. Anger Management, Emotional Release, Empathy and Spiritual Engagement.
  75. Masculinizing SKY, Confronting Emotions and Re-conceptualising Morality
  76. Addiction, Drugs, Depression and Progressive Desistance Journeys
  77. Concluding Discussion
  78. References
  79. Part V Hong Kong: From Triad-Affiliated Gangsters to Christian Brothers
  80. 9 Foot Soldiers, Gangsters and Drug Addicts in Hong Kong
  81. Contextual Background for Youth Gangs and Organised Crime in Hong Kong
  82. Research into the Experiences of Male Gang Members in Hong Kong
  83. Family Strains, Relative Disadvantage, Cultural Values and Masculinity
  84. 'Triadization', Drugs and Organised Crime
  85. 'Push' and 'Pull' Factors and Initial Transitions
  86. Concluding Discussion
  87. References
  88. 10 From Criminal Gangsters to Men of God
  89. Religion, Evangelical Christianity and Identity Change
  90. Background to and Focus of Hong Kong Christian Society (HKCS)
  91. Participant Observation and Follow-Up Interviews in HKCS
  92. Outreach Work, Religious Engagement and Employability
  93. Community-Building and Holistic Forms of Christian Worship, Study and Prayer
  94. Transforming Journeys and Re-framing Masculinity
  95. Concluding Discussion
  96. References
  97. Part VI Conclusion
  98. 11 From Masculine Criminal Distinction to Masculine Spiritual Distinction
  99. Global Pathways into Gang Membership and Criminality
  100. Global Pathways Out of Gang Membership and Criminality
  101. Final Reflections and Implications
  102. References
  103. Index.