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A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers

A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations: Chicago style for students and researchers

Turabian, Kate L

Dewey. Bellow. Strauss. Friedman. The University of Chicago has been the home of some of the most important thinkers of the modern age. But perhaps no name has been spoken with more respect than Turabian. The dissertation secretary at Chicago for decades, Kate Turabian literally wrote the book on the successful completion and submission of the student paper. Her Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, created from her years of experience with research projects across all fields, has sold more than seven million copies since it was first published in 1937.Now, with this seventh edition, Turabian’s Manual has undergone its most extensive revision, ensuring that it will remain the most valuable handbook for writers at every level—from first-year undergraduates, to dissertation writers apprehensively submitting final manuscripts, to senior scholars who may be old hands at research and writing but less familiar with new media citation styles. Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and the late Wayne C. Booth—the gifted team behind The Craft of Research—and the University of Chicago Press Editorial Staff combined their wide-ranging expertise to remake this classic resource. They preserve Turabian’s clear and practical advice while fully embracing the new modes of research, writing, and source citation brought about by the age of the Internet.Booth, Colomb, and Williams significantly expand the scope of previous editions by creating a guide, generous in length and tone, to the art of research and writing. Growing out of the authors’ best-selling Craft of Research, this new section provides students with an overview of every step of the research and writing process, from formulating the right questions to reading critically to building arguments and revising drafts. This leads naturally to the second part of the Manual for Writers, which offers an authoritative overview of citation practices in scholarly writing, as well as detailed information on the two main citation styles (“notes-bibliography” and “author-date”). This section has been fully revised to reflect the recommendations of the fifteenth edition of The Chicago Manual of Style and to present an expanded array of source types and updated examples, including guidance on citing electronic sources.The final section of the book treats issues of style—the details that go into making a strong paper. Here writers will find advice on a wide range of topics, including punctuation, table formatting, and use of quotations. The appendix draws together everything writers need to know about formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and preparing them for submission. This material has been thoroughly vetted by dissertation officials at colleges and universities across the country.This seventh edition of Turabian’s Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a classic reference revised for a new age. It is tailored to a new generation of writers using tools its original author could not have imagined—while retaining the clarity and authority that generations of scholars have come to associate with the name Turabian

Book. English.
7th ed.
Published Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007

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Statement of responsibility: Kate L. Turabian revised by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, Joseph M. Williams, and University of Chicago Press editorial staff
ISBN: 0226823369, 0226823377, 9780226823362, 9780226823379
Note: "Portions of this book have been adapted from The Craft of Research, 2nd edition, by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams, 1995, 2003 by The University of Chicago; and from The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th edition, 1982, 1993, 2003 by The University of Chicago."
Note: To be housed with Julian Brasington/Lin Norton Writing Centre.
Note: Sent to Julian Brasington/Lin Norton Writing Centre 05.02.08
Note: Includes bibliographical references and index.
Subject: Academic writing Handbooks, manuals, etc.; Dissertations, Academic Handbooks, manuals, etc.


  1. Contents
  2. Preface
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Part I   Research and Writing: From Planning to Production
  5. Wayne C. Booth, Gregory C. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams
  6. Overview of Part I
  7. What Research Is and How Researchers Think about It
  8. 1.1 How Researchers Think about Their Aims
  9. 1.2 Three Kinds of Questions That Researchers Ask
  10. Moving from a Topic to a Question to a Working Hypothesis
  11. 2.1 Find a Question in Your Topic
  12. 2.2 Propose Some Working Answers
  13. 2.3 Build a Storyboard to Plan and Guide Your Work
  14. 2.4 Organize a Writing Support Group
  15. Finding Useful Sources
  16. 3.1 Understand the Kinds of Sources Readers Expect You to Use
  17. 3.2  Record Your Sources Fully, Accurately, and Appropriately
  18. 3.3 Search for Sources Systematically
  19. 3.4 Evaluate Sources for Relevance and Reliability
  20. 3.5 Look beyond the Usual Kinds of References
  21. Engaging Sources
  22. 4.1 Read Generously to Understand, Then Critically to Engage and Evaluate
  23. 4.2 Take Notes Systematically
  24. 4.3 Take Useful Notes
  25. 4.4 Write as You read
  26. 4.5 Review Your Progress
  27. 4.6 Manage Moments of Normal Panic
  28. Planning Your Argument
  29. 5.1 What a Research Argument Is and Is Not
  30. 5.2 Build Your Argument around Answers to Readers' Questions
  31. 5.3 Turn Your Working Hypothesis into a Claim
  32. 5.4 Assemble the Elements of Your Argument
  33. 5.5 Distinguish Arguments Based on Evidence from Arguments Based on Warrants
  34. 5.6 Assemble an Argument
  35. Planning a First Draft
  36. 6.1 Avoid Unhelpful Plans
  37. 6.2 Create a Plan That Meets Your Readers' Needs
  38. 6.3 File Away Leftovers
  39. Drafting Your Report
  40. 7.1 Draft in the Way That Feels Most Comfortable
  41. 7.2 Develop Productive Drafting Habits
  42. 7.3 Use Your Key Terms to Keep Yourself on Track
  43. 7.4 Quote, Paraphrase, and Summarize Appropriately
  44. 7.5 Integrate Quotations into Your Text
  45. 7.6 Use Footnotes and Endnotes Judiciously
  46. 7.7 Interpret Complex or Detailed Evidence before You Offer It
  47. 7.8 Be Open to Surprises
  48. 7.9 Guard against Inadvertent Plagiarism
  49. 7.10 Guard against Inappropriate Assistance
  50. 7.11 Work through Chronic Procrastination and Writer's Block
  51. Presenting Evidence in Tables and Figures
  52. 8.1 Choose Verbal or Visual Representations
  53. 8.2 Choose the Most Effective Graphic
  54. 8.3 Design Tables and Figures
  55. 8.4 Communicate Data Ethically
  56. Revising Your Draft
  57. 9.1 Check Your Introduction, Conclusion, and Claim
  58. 9.2 Make Sure the Body of Your Report Is Coherent
  59. 9.3 Check Your Paragraphs
  60. 9.4 Let Your Draft Cool, Then Paraphrase It
  61. Writing Your Final Introduction and Conclusion
  62. 10.1 Draft Your Final Introduction
  63. 10.2 Draft Your Final Conclusion
  64. 10.3 Write Your Title Last
  65. Revising Sentences
  66. 11.1 Focus on the First Seven or Eight Words of a Sentence
  67. 11.2 Diagnose What You Read
  68. 11.3 Choose the Right Word
  69. 11.4 Polish It Off
  70. 11.5 Give It Up and Print It Out
  71. Learning from Your Returned Paper
  72. 12.1 Find General Principles in Specific Comments
  73. 12.2 Talk to Your Instructor
  74. Presenting Research in Alternative Forums
  75. 13.1 Plan Your Oral Presentation
  76. 13.2 Design Your Presentation to Be Listened To
  77. 13.3 Plan Your Poster Presentation
  78. 13.4 Plan Your Conference Proposal
  79. On the Spirit of Research
  80. Part II Source Citation
  81. General Introduction to Citation Practices
  82. 15.1 Reasons for Citing Your Sources
  83. 15.2 The Requirements of Citation
  84. 15.3 Two Citation Styles
  85. 15.4 Citation of Electronic Sources
  86. 15.5 Preparation of Citations
  87. 15.6 A Word on Citation Software
  88. Notes-Bibliography Style: The Basic Form
  89. 16.1 Basic Patterns
  90. 16.2 Bibliographies
  91. 16.3 Notes
  92. 16.4 Short Forms for Notes
  93. Notes-Bibliography Style: Citing Specific Types of Sources
  94. 17.1 Books
  95. 17.2 Journal Articles
  96. 17.3 Magazine Articles
  97. 17.4 Newspaper Articles
  98. 17.5 Additional Types of Published Sources
  99. 17.6 Unpublished Sources
  100. 17.7 Informally Published Electronic Sources
  101. 17.8 Sources in the Visual and Performing arts
  102. 17.9 Public Documents
  103. 17.10 One Source Quoted in Another
  104. Parenthetical Citations- Reference List Style: The Basic Form
  105. 18.1 Basic Patterns
  106. 18.2 Reference Lists
  107. 18.3 Parenthetical Citations
  108. Parenthetical Citations- Reference List Style: Citing Specific Types of Sources
  109. 19.1 Books
  110. 19.2 Journal Articles
  111. 19.3 Magazine Articles
  112. 19.4 Newspaper Articles
  113. 19.5 Additional Types of Published Sources
  114. 19.6 Unpublished Sources
  115. 19.7 Informally Published Electronic Sources
  116. 19.8 Sources in the Visual and Performing Arts19.9 Public Documents
  117. 19.10 One Source Quoted in Another
  118. Part III Style
  119. Spelling
  120. 20.1 Plurals
  121. 20.2 Possessives
  122. 20.3 Compounds and Words Formed with Prefixes
  123. 20.4 Line Breaks
  124. Punctuation
  125. 21.1 Period
  126. 21.2 Comma
  127. 21.3 Semicolon
  128. 21.4 Colon
  129. 21.5 Question Mark
  130. 21.6 Exclamation Point
  131. 21.7 Hyphen and Dashes
  132. 21.8 Parentheses and Brackets
  133. 21.9 Slashes
  134. 21.10 Quotation Marks
  135. 21.11 Multiple Punctuation Marks
  136. Names, Special Terms, and Titles of Works
  137. 22.1 Names
  138. 22.2 Special Terms
  139. 22.3 Titles of Works
  140. Numbers
  141. 23.1 Words or Numerals?
  142. 23.2 Plurals and Punctuation
  143. 23.3 Date Systems
  144. 23.4 Numbers Used outside the Text
  145. Abbreviations
  146. 24.1 General Principles
  147. 24.2 Names and Titles
  148. 24.3 Geographical Terms
  149. 24.4 Time and Dates
  150. 24.5 Units of Measure
  151. 24.6 The Bible and Other Sacred Works
  152. 24.7 Abbreviations in Citations and Other Scholarly Contexts
  153. Quotations
  154. 25.1 Quoting Accurately and Avoiding Plagiarism
  155. 25.2 Incorporating Quotations into Your Text
  156. 25.3 Modifying Quotations
  157. Tables and Figures
  158. 26.1 General Issues
  159. 26.2 Tables
  160. 26.3 Figures
  161. Chapter Appendix: Paper Format and Submission
  162. A.1 General Format Requirements
  163. A.2 Format Requirements for Specific Elements
  164. A.3 Submission Requirements
  165. Bibliography
  166. Authors
  167. Index

Author note

Kate Turabian (1893–1987) was the graduate school dissertation secretary at the University of Chicago from 1930 to 1958.  Wayne Clayson Booth (1921-2005) was the George M. Pullman Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus in English Language and Literature at the University of Chicago. Gregory G. Colomb is professor of English at the University of Virginia and the author of Designs on Truth: The Poetics of the Augustan Mock-Epic. Joseph M. Williams is professor emeritus in the Department of English Language and Literature at the University of Chicago and the author of Style: Toward Clarity and Grace. Together Booth, Colomb, and Williams are the authors of the bestselling guide The Craft of Research, also published by the University of Chicago Press.


“The highlight of this seventh edition is the expanded focus of the book. [A] new section titled ‘Research and Writing: From Planning to Production’ provides a step-by-step process for conducting research. . . . It will be most beneficial to those new to research and writing, but it does provide a nice refresher for those familiar with the processes. . . . An extensive bibliography and detailed index round out this well-known reference work.”
CHOICE||"This book has a great deal of potential for crossover use to technical communicators who work outside academia. This is especially true because there are still technical communicators who are in areas where they are still required to write formal reports. . . . Booth and colleagues have successfully revised the content of the seventh edition to better reflect the reality of how students research and write papers in the Internet age."
Technical Communication